The Toyota Corolla E12 was released in 2002 and it replaced the E11 model.
It was designed in France to best fit the European market.
However, European production happened in the United Kingdom instead of France.
The E12 was available as both a three and five door hatchback, a sedan, and a station wagon.
An MPV model called 'Toyota Corolla Verso' was also released,
while the Liftback model of the Corolla E11 was discontinued in the E12 generation.
As the E12 model changed into E15, several things changed.
‣ The three and five door hatchback models would become the Toyota Auris
‣ The Corolla Station would disappear as Toyota made the Avensis Station.
‣ The Toyota Corolla Verso was rebadged to Toyota Verso.
‣ Only the Corolla sedan would continue under the Corolla badge.
The Corolla E12 received both petrol and diesel engines at several sizes:
Toyota Variable Valve Timing with Intelligence technology (VVT-i) replaced the VVT technology starting at the Corolla E11 Facelift model.
VVT-i technology takes care of constant automatic adjustments of the engine characteristics compared to the driving style of the driver by adjusting the timing of the intake valves. This increases engine efficiency while reducing fuel consumption and harmful exhaust gases.
A 1.6 VVT-i engine reaches its maximum torque (150Nm) at 4.800 RPM
while reaching it maximum power (110HP) at 6.000 RPM.
This allows for a top speed of 190KM/h and a 0-100 sprint in 10.2 seconds.
Toyota VVT-i engines are approved along with the EURO IV emission standards of 2005.
Variable Valve Timing with Lift Intelligence technology (VVTL-i) is the more powerful version of a VVT-i engine. It's offered in Toyotas 2ZZ-GE 1.8 engine that's used in the Corolla T-sport.
VVTL-i can alter valve lift and duration as well as valve timing.
During a low rev range the engine works just like any VVT-i engine, but as the revs increase the VVTL-i system adjusts valve lift allowing more fuel/air to enter the engine and allowing exhaust gases to exit faster. This lets the VVTL-i engine work at a higher rev range and gives it more power compared to a VVT-i engine.
The 2ZZ-GE VVTL-i engine reaches its maximum torque (180Nm) at 6.800 RPM
while reaching it maximum power (192HP) at 7.800 RPM.
This allows for a top speed of 225KM/h and a 0-100 sprint in 8.4 seconds.
Unlike VVT-i engines, The VVTL-i engine does not meet the EURO IV Emission standards of 2005.
VVTL-i TTE Compressor
The VVTL-i TTE Compressor is the supercharged version of the VVTL-i engine.
The VVTL-i TTE Compressor engine reaches its maximum torque (230Nm) at 3.600 RPM
while reaching it maximum power (225HP) at 8.000 RPM.
This allows for a top speed of 235KM/h and a 0-100 sprint in 6.9 seconds.
The Toyota D-4D engine adjusts the fuel injection pressure and fuel injection timing according to the driving style of the driver. this adjustment is combined with common rail technology which directly injects a fine mist of fuel into the combustion chamber.
The 2.0 D-4D engine reaches its maximum torque (250Nm) at 2.200-2.400 RPM
while reaching its maximum power (110HP) at 4.000 RPM.
This allows for a top speed of 185 KM/h and a 0-100 sprint of 10.9 seconds.
The Toyota Corolla E12 is equipped with several safety features:
Anti-lock Braking System with Electronic Brakeforce Distribution
ABS helps the driver to retain control of a vehicle during an emergency stop or while braking on a slippery road by electronically adjusting the brake force of each wheel according to the grip of each wheel.
The EBD system takes care of distributing the brake force optimally between each wheel.
Both of these systems prevent wheel lockup.
This allows the driver to manoeuver a vehicle around objects while braking.
Vehicle Stability Control
VSC adjusts brake force and engine power to prevent loss of grip while cornering, on a slippery road, or during abrupt steering manoeuvers.
By separately braking certain wheels, VSC can compensate for oversteer or understeer,
allowing the driver to retain control of the vehicle.
TRC prevents loss of grip while accelerating by reducing engine power as the tires start to lose grip.
Along with ABS-EBD this system allows for perfect dosage of power while accelerating or braking.
Seatbelts and Airbags
All seats are equipped with locking seatbelts.
The back seats are also equipped ISOfix system for child supporting seats.
The driver and front passenger are also protected by 4 SRS (supplemental restraint system) airbags.
These airbags are in the steering wheel, above the glove box, and a curtain airbag on each side.
Source(s): Toyota Corolla brochures, Wikipedia.
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